Verified Voting Board of Advisors

Verified Voting’s goals and strategies have been developed in consultation with many others who are on our Board of Advisors.  All members of our Board of Directors are also on the advisory board.

appel_150Andrew W. Appel, Ph.D., is the Eugene Higgins Professor of Computer Science at Princeton University, where he has been on the faculty since 1986. He served as Department Chair from 2009-2015. His research is in software verification, computer security, programming languages and compilers, and technology policy. He received his A.B. /summa cum laude/ in physics from Princeton in 1981, and his PhD in computer science from Carnegie Mellon University in 1985. He has been Editor in Chief of ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems and is a Fellow of the ACM (Association for Computing Machinery). He has worked on fast N-body algorithms (1980s), Standard ML of New Jersey (1990s), Foundational Proof-Carrying Code (2000s), and the Verified Software Toolchain (2010s).  He is the author of several scientific papers on voting machines and election technology, served as an expert witness on two voting-related court cases in New Jersey, and has taught a course at Princeton on Election Machinery.

bellovin-150Steven M. Bellovin is the Percy K. and Vidal L. W. Hudson Professor of computer science at Columbia University and member of the Cybersecurity and Privacy Center of the university’s Data Science Institute. He is the Technology Scholar at the Privacy and Civil Liberties Board. He does research on security and privacy and on related public policy issues. In his copious spare professional time, he does some work on the history of cryptography. He joined the faculty in 2005 after many years at Bell Labs and AT&T Labs Research, where he was an AT&T Fellow. He received a BA degree from Columbia University, and an MS and PhD in Computer Science from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. While a graduate student, he helped create Netnews; for this, he and the other perpetrators were given the 1995 Usenix Lifetime Achievement Award (The Flame). Bellovin has served as Chief Technologist of the Federal Trade Commission. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and is serving on the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. In the past, he has been a member of the Department of Homeland Security’s Science and Technology Advisory Committee, and the Technical Guidelines Development Committee of the Election Assistance Commission; he has also received the 2007 NIST/NSA National Computer Systems Security Award and has been elected to the Cybersecurity Hall of Fame.

Bellovin is the author of Thinking Security and the co-author of Firewalls and Internet Security: Repelling the Wily Hacker, and holds a number of patents on cryptographic and network protocols. He has served on many National Research Council study committees, including those on information systems trustworthiness, the privacy implications of authentication technologies, and cybersecurity research needs; he was also a member of the information technology subcommittee of an NRC study group on science versus terrorism. He was a member of the Internet Architecture Board from 1996-2002; he was co-director of the Security Area of the IETF from 2002 through 2004.

As the legal director for the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), Cindy Cohn is responsible for overseeing EFF’s overall legal strategy. She first became involved with EFF as the lead attorney in Bernstein v. Dept. of Justice, which successfully challenged U.S. export restrictions on cryptography. In 1997, she was named one of California Lawyer magazine’s “lawyers of the year.” Cohn is a graduate of the University of Michigan Law School and did her undergraduate work at the University of Iowa and the London School of Economics. For ten years prior to joining EFF, she was a civil litigator in private practice handling Internet-related cases, including domain name disputes, suits arising from unsolicited commercial e-mail (“spam”), and challenges to government efforts to gather information from Internet Service Providers about their customers.

Lillie Coney is currently the Legislative Director for Representative Sheila Jackson Lee, previously she was the Associate Director of the Electronic Privacy Information Center in Washington, DC. In 2009 Lillie was appointed to the Election Assistance Commission Board of Advisors. She wrote the chapter “Mobilize Underrepresented Voters” in The New York Times bestseller, 50 Ways to Love Your Country. She co-chaired the 2011 Computers Freedom and Privacy Conference: the Future is Now, and chaired the Public Voice Conferences in 2010 and 2011.

Larry DiamondLarry Diamond, Ph.D. is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution and at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies at Stanford University, where he directs the Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law. He is also the Peter E. Haas Faculty Co-Director of the Haas Center for Public Service at Stanford.  Diamond is the founding co-editor of the Journal of Democracy and a Senior Consultant at the International Forum for Democratic Studies of the National Endowment for Democracy. A specialist on comparative democratic development, he is the co-founder and a principal investigator of the Program in Liberation Technology at Stanford University and co-editor of Liberation Technology: Social Media and the Struggle for Democracy (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2012).

Jeremy Epstein is a Senior Computer Scientist with SRI International in Arlington VA. Since Feb 2016, he’s been on loan from SRI to the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), where he leads privacy and security research programs. From 2012-2015, he was on loan from SRI to the U.S. National Science Foundation’s, where he led flagship cybersecurity research program, overseeing a portfolio of 800 research grants and $75M/year. He has been a researcher in voting system security for nearly a decade, and is one of the authors of the Election Assistance Commission’s risk assessment model research program. He served as a consultant to the Kentucky Attorney General, an appointed member of two Virginia legislative committees, an advisor to the DC City Council and to the Federal Voting Assistance Program, all on issues relating to voting system security. He is the IEEE representative on the Technical Guidelines Development Committee, which advises the Election Assistance Commission on voting system security standards. Jeremy is experienced in how commercial technology is built, having spent nine years as an executive responsible for product security at a mid-size software vendor. Jeremy holds an M.S. in Computer Science from Purdue University.

FarberDave Farber was appointed to be Chief Technologist at the US Federal Communications Commission in 2000 and has served on the US Presidential Advisory Board on Information Technology and the FCC’s Technological Advisory Council. Prof. Farber was also appointed to the Advisory Council or the CISE Directorate of the National Science Foundation and is a Trustee of the Electronic Frontier Foundation. He is a Visiting Professor of the Center for Global Communications of Japan — Glocom of the International University of Japan, a Member of the Advisory Board at the National Institute of Informatics of Japan and a Member of the Advisory Boards of both the Center for Democracy and Technology and EPIC. He was named in the 1997 edition of the UPSIDE’s Elite 100, as one of the Visionaries of the field and was named in the 1999 Network World as one of the 25 most powerful people in Networking. In 2002 he was named by Business Week as one of the top 25 leaders in E-Commerce. His industrial experiences are extensive, just as he entered the academic world; he co-founded Caine, Farber & Gordon Inc. (CFG Inc.) which became one of the leading suppliers of software design methodology. His consulting activities include Intel, the RAND Corp among others. He is also on a number of industrial advisory and management boards, major among these are NTT DoCoMo, Boingo, Rainmaker and E-tenna.

FeltenEdward W. Felten, Ph.D. is a Professor of Computer Science and Public Affairs at Princeton University, and the founding Director of Princeton’s Center for Information Technology Policy. In 2011-12 he served as the first Chief Technologist at the U.S. Federal Trade Commission. His research interests include computer security and privacy, especially relating to media and consumer products; and technology law and policy. He has published about eighty papers in the research literature, and two books. His research on topics such as web security, copyright and copy protection, and electronic voting has been covered extensively in the popular press. His weblog, at freedom-to-tinker.com, is widely read for its commentary on technology, law, and policy. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and is a Fellow of the ACM. He has testified before the House and Senate committee hearings on privacy, electronic voting, and digital television. In 2004, Scientific American magazine named him to its list of fifty worldwide science and technology leaders. In May 2015 he was appointed deputy chief technology officer in the White House’s Office of Science and Technology Policy.

Michael J. Fischer, Ph.D. has been Professor of Computer Science at Yale University since 1981. He has an M.A. (1965) and a Ph.D. (1968) from Harvard University. Professor Fischer supervised Josh Benaloh‘s dissertation, “Verifiable Secret-Ballot Elections” (1987), which was the first distributed voting protocol to simultaneously achieve voter privacy and voter verifiability. Professor Fischer is a founding member of TrueVoteCT.org, a public-service organization that helped to bring verifiable optical scan voting technology to Connecticut. He was appointed by Connecticut Governor Jodi Rell in 2005 to the short-lived Voting Technology Standards Board, where he was elected Vice-chair by its members. His research interests include theory of distributed and parallel computing, cryptography, and computer security.

J. Alex Halderman, Ph.D. is an assistant professor of computer science and engineering at the University of Michigan. His research spans computer security and tech-centric public policy, including topics such as software security, data privacy, electronic voting, censorship resistance, and cybercrime, as well as technological aspects of intellectual property law and government regulation. He holds a Ph.D. from Princeton University. A noted expert on electronic voting security, Prof. Halderman helped demonstrate the first voting machine virus, participated in California’s “top-to-bottom” electronic voting review, and exposed election security flaws in India, the world’s largest democracy. He recently led a team from the University of Michigan that hacked into Washington D.C.’s Internet voting system. In his spare time, he reprogrammed a touch-screen voting machine to play Pac-Man.

HellmanMartin E. Hellman, Ph.D. is Professor Emeritus of Electrical Engineering at Stanford University and best known for his invention, with Diffie and Merkle, of public key cryptography. This technology allows electronic banking and other secure transactions on the Internet, and protects literally trillions of dollars daily. He has been a long-time contributor to the computer security debate, starting with his efforts in the mid 1970s to improve the security level of the Data Encryption Standard (DES). In the mid 1990s he served on the National Research Council’s Committee to Study National Cryptographic Policy, whose main recommendations have since been implemented. His current project focuses on reducing the unacceptable level of risk inherent in nuclear deterrence. Prof. Hellman’s many awards include election to the National Academy of Engineering, induction as an inaugural member of the Cyber Security Hall of Fame, EFF’s Pioneer Award, and three “outstanding professor” awards from minority student organizations.

Harri_150Harri Hursti is one of the world’s leading experts on voting systems and is known for his demonstration of the vulnerability of America’s voting systems in the HBO documentary, “Hacking Democracy”. He has been one of the lead technical resources in the major independent technical reviews of America’s voting systems: Ohio’s Sec. of State-ordered EVEREST Study and the New Jersey’s Superior Court judge-ordered review of the Sequoia voting machines. Harri is the 2009 recipient of the Electronic Frontier Foundation’s Pioneer Award for his role in demonstrating the vulnerability of America’s electronic voting machines.

Candice Hoke is widely recognized national authority on laws governing election technologies (including voting devices and voter registration databases), election management, and on federal regulatory programs reflecting federalism values. She is a graduate of Yale Law School, where she was Senior Editor of the Yale Law Journal and co-chair of the Yale Law Women’s Association. Her most recent publications focus on  election technology regulatory issues, some of which were co-authored with computer security scientists. Her prior publications focus on health care regulation, welfare/public entitlement programs, and constitutional standards for statutory preemption. Professor Hoke presents her research in academic, technology, and election policy forums throughout the country. She has testified before Congress on federalism aspects of health care reform legislation and on election policies needed to achieve greater public accountability. She founded and directed the Center for Election Integrity, which conducted nationally unprecedented field research on deployed voting technologies and election administration management problems. Her assessments of election technology initiatives and election practices around the nation are frequently sought by the press; the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, National Public Radio, and all major television networks are a few examples. Her research and policy leadership has led to major national foundation funding and to foundation consulting work on election policy issues.

Professor Hoke served three terms on the American Bar Association’s Advisory Commission on Election Law. She has consulted with all levels of government on election policies and technology issues.  She serves on the Advisory Boards for the Verified Voting Foundation and other nonpartisan election improvement nonprofits located in Florida and Michigan. Following graduation from law school, Professor Hoke clerked for Judge Hugh Bownes of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit in Boston, MA and Concord, NH.  She then practiced law at Hill & Barlow (Boston)focusing primarily on employment litigation and issues for both plaintiffs and defense) and transactions (both employment and business formation). Prior to joining the faculty at Cleveland-Marshall College of Law, Professor Hoke taught at Case Western Reserve University and the University of Pittsburgh.

Roger G. Johnston, Ph.D., CPP, is Leader of the Vulnerability Assessment Team at Argonne National Laboratory. He was founder and head of the Vulnerability Assessment Team at Los Alamos National Laboratory from 1992 to 2007. Johnston has provided consulting, training, vulnerability assessments, R&D, and security solutions for more than 50 government and international agencies, private companies, and NGOs. He graduated from Carleton College (1977), and received M.S. & Ph.D. degrees in physics from the University of Colorado (1983). He has authored over 165 technical papers and 90 invited talks (including 6 Keynote Addresses), holds 10 U.S. patents, and serves as Editor of the Journal of Physical Security.

anita_jones_tbThe Honorable Anita Jones is University Professor Emerita at the University of Virginia. She has served as the Director of Defense Research and Engineering for the U.S. Department of Defense, overseeing its science and technology program. She is currently a Fellow of the Defense Science Board and a member of the National Academy of Engineering, serving on its governing council. She was appointed by the President as a member of the National Science Board, and is a Fellow of the ACM, IEEE, and AAAS. The University of Southern California, Carnegie Mellon University, and Duke University have awarded Dr. Jones honorary degrees. She was awarded the IEEE Founders’ Medal, the Bueche Award of the National Academy of Engineering, and the Philip Abelson Award of the AAAS, mainly for contributions to science and technology policy   She has published over 45 papers on cyber security, programmed systems, and science and technology policy. The U.S. Navy named a seamount in the North Pacific Ocean for her.

Douglas W. Jones, Ph.D. is a computer scientist at the University of Iowa. His research focuses primarily on computer security, particularly electronic voting. Together with Barbara Simons, Jones has published a book on electronic voting entitled Broken Ballots: Will Your Vote Count?. Jones’s most widely cited work centers on the evaluation of priority queue implementations. This work has been credited with helping relaunch the empirical study of algorithm performance. In related work, Jones applied splay trees to data compression and developed algorithms for applying parallel computing to discrete event simulation. Jones’s PhD thesis was in the area of capability-based addressing, and he has occasionally published on other aspects of computer architecture. He has published work on computer architecture on an occasional basis, such as his proposal for a one instruction set computer. Jones’ involvement with electronic voting research began in 1994, when he was appointed to the Iowa Board of Examiners for Voting Machines and Electronic Voting Systems. He chaired the board from 1999 to 2003, and has testified before the United States Commission on Civil Rights, the United States House Committee on Science and the Federal Election Commission on voting issues. In 2005 he participated as an election observer for the presidential election in Kazakhstan. Jones was the technical advisor for HBO’s documentary on electronic voting machine issues, Hacking Democracy, that was released in 2006. He was a member of the ACCURATE electronic voting project from 2005 to 2011. On Dec. 11, 2009, the Election Assistance Commission appointed Douglas Jones to the Technical Guidelines Development Committee. Jones received a B.S. in physics from Carnegie Mellon University in 1973, and a M.S. and Ph.D. in computer science from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1976 and 1980 respectively.

Lou Katz, Ph.D. has a Doctorate in Physics from the University of Wisconsin, was a molecular biologist at MIT and the Director of the Computer Graphics Facility in the Department of Biology, Columbia University and Director of the Core Computer Facility at the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons and Director of Computing Resources in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences at the University of California, Berkeley. As one of the founders of the Usenix Association, he served as its first President and also as a director, and he also served as a member of the Executive Committee of ACM/Siggraph. He is experienced in computer systems and network management, database and email systems, and in evaluating the security aspects of software prior to deployment on internet-facing servers.

Douglas A. Kellner is Co-Chair of the New York State Board of Elections. He was appointed in December 2005. Prior to becoming Co-Chair of the New York State Board of Elections, he served as the Democratic commissioner from Manhattan on the New York City Board of Elections from 1993 to 2005. Kellner was one of the first proponents of a voter verifiable paper audit trail for electronic voting machines. He was the leader of the opposition to New York City’s contract to purchase unverifiable direct recording electronic voting machines. Kellner is a partner in the law firm of Kellner Herlihy Getty & Friedman, LLP. He specializes in the area of Real Estate Litigation and represents a large number of tenants groups, cooperatives, and some non-profit institutional landlords. Mr. Kellner received considerable attention in 1986 when he revived New York’s Bawdy House Law, first enacted in 1840, and used it as a device where neighbors could seek to evict drug dealers. His use of this overlooked law for that purpose was quickly copied by district attorneys and housing authorities throughout the country.

Kiniry photoJoseph Kiniry, Ph.D, a new Principal Investigator at Galois, was most recently a Full Professor at the Technical University of Denmark (DTU). There, he was the Head of DTU’s Software Engineering section. He also held a guest appointment at the IT University of Copenhagen. Over the past decade he has held permanent positions at four universities in Denmark, Ireland, and The Netherlands. Joe has extensive experience in formal methods, high-assurance software engineering, foundations of computer science and mathematics, and information security. Specific areas that he has worked in include software verification foundations and tools, digital election systems and democracies, smart-cards, smart-phones, critical systems for nation states, and CAD systems for asynchronous hardware. He has over ten years experience in the design, development, support, and auditing of supervised and internet/remote electronic voting systems while he was a professor at various universities in Europe. He co-led the DemTech research group at the IT University of Copenhagen and has served as an adviser to the Dutch, Irish, and Danish governments in matters relating to electronic voting.

Justin Moore, Ph.D., is a Senior Software Engineer with Google in Mountain View, CA. He has been a member of the Datacenter Software team since 2006, working to improve the efficiency of Google’s fleet of datacenters. In his spare “20%” time at Google, he has worked with the Voting Information Project to help standardize the publication of election-related data and provide voters with better tools for accessing this information. His PhD dissertation at Duke University explored how to schedule jobs in a datacenter with the goal of reducing the total cost of ownership; this was achieved by modeling and predicting the power, cooling, and hardware reliability effects of running computational tasks on different servers. Also while at Duke, he was an expert witness to both the North Carolina and Virginia state legislative subcommittees on voting reform. His contributions in North Carolina helped pass a comprehensive election reform bill in 2005 that has served as a model for dozens of other state-level reforms.

Peter Neumann, Ph.D. holds doctorates from Harvard and Darmstadt. After 10 years at Bell Labs in Murray Hill, New Jersey, in the 1960s, during which he was heavily involved in the Multics development jointly with MIT and Honeywell, he has been in SRI’s Computer Science Lab since September 1971. He moderates the ACM Risks Forum, has been responsible for CACM’s Inside Risks columns monthly from 1990 to 2007, tri-annually since then, chairs the ACM Committee on Computers and Public Policy, and chairs the National Committee for Voting Integrity.

pearl_150Morris Pearl currently serves as Chair of the Patriotic Millionaires, a group of 200 high-net-worth Americans who are committed to building a more prosperous, stable, and inclusive nation. The group focuses on promoting public policy solutions that encourage political equality; guarantee a sustaining wage for working Americans; and ensure that millionaires, billionaires, and corporations pay their fair share of taxes.

Previously, Pearl was a managing director at BlackRock, one of the largest investment firms in the world, His work included the Maiden Lane transactions and assessing the government’s potential losses from bank bailouts in the United States and in Europe. Prior to BlackRock, Pearl had a long tenure on Wall Street where he invented some of the securitization technology connecting America’s capital markets to consumers in need of credit. He is a CFA Charter Holder, a member of the CFA Institute, the New York Society of Securities Analysts, and on the board of The Center for Political Accountability. Pearl lives in New York City with his wife Barbara where he enjoys spending time with his two adult sons and riding his bicycle around the city.

Aviel D. Rubin, Ph.D. is Professor of Computer Science and Technical Director of the Information Security Institute at Johns Hopkins University. Prior to joining Johns Hopkins, Rubin was a research scientist at AT&T Labs. Rubin has testified before the U.S. House and Senate on multiple occasions, and he is author of several books including Brave New Ballot (Random House, 2006) Firewalls and Internet Security, second edition (with Bill Cheswick and Steve Bellovin, Addison Wesley, 2003), White-Hat Security Arsenal (Addison Wesley, 2001), and Web Security Sourcebook (with Dan Geer and Marcus Ranum, John Wiley & Sons, 1997). He is Associate  Editor of ACM Transactions on Internet Technology, Associate Editor of IEEE Security & Privacy, and an Advisory Board member of Springer’s Information Security and Cryptography Book Series. In January, 2004 Baltimore Magazine name Rubin a Baltimorean of the Year for his work in safeguarding the integrity of our election process, and he is also the recipient of the 2004 Electronic Frontier Foundation Pioneer Award. Rubin has a B.S, (’89), M.S.E (’91), and Ph.D. (’94) from the University of Michigan.

Ion Sancho is the Supervisor of Elections for Leon County, Florida. Serving since January 1989, he has been reelected to five additional terms.  One of only three (out of 67) supervisors of elections in Florida without party affiliation, Mr. Sancho has devoted special attention to studying voting technologies and increasing citizen participation in our electoral system. Under his administration Leon County’s voter turnout percentage has consistently ranked among the highest of Florida’s 67 counties, with a record setting 86% turnout in the November 2008 General Election. Mr. Sancho was appointed by the Florida Supreme Court in December of 2000 as the technical expert to oversee the Florida Recount effort and was recognized by the Leon County Board of County Commissioners for providing “statistically the cleanest county elections in the state” during that infamous election. In 2005, Mr. Sancho sanctioned the first tests of voting machines by voting integrity experts, independent of the vendors.  His action were captured in the 2007 Emmy nominated film, “Hacking Democracy.”

Sancho was the first Florida election official to attain national certification in 1996 (Certified Elections Registration Official, the Election Center).  He is regularly interviewed by national and local media and has presented testimony before the United States Congress, the United States Election Assistance Committee, and the United States Civil Rights Commission.  In 1998, he co-authored the first national Principles and Standards of Conduct of Elections/Registrations Officials. In 2008, the Leon County Supervisor of Elections Office received the National Freedom Award for outstanding innovations in the field of elections.

John E. Savage, Ph.D. is the An Wang Professor of Computer Science at Brown University. He earned his PhD in Electrical Engineering at MIT in coding and communication theory and joined Bell Laboratories in 1965 and Brown University in 1967. In 1979 he co-founded the Department of Computer Science at Brown and served as its second chair from 1985 to 1991. His research has centered on theoretical computer science and currently includes cybersecurity, computational nanotechnology, the performance of multicore chips, and reliable computing with unreliable elements. He is a Guggenheim Fellow and a Fellow of AAAS and ACM, and a Life Fellow of IEEE. He served as Jefferson Science Fellow in the U.S. Department of State in 2009-2010.

Bruce Schneier is an internationally renowned security technologist, called a “security guru” by The Economist. He is the author of 14 books — including the New York Times best-seller Data and Goliath: The Hidden Battles to Collect Your Data and Control Your World — as well as hundreds of articles, essays, and academic papers. His influential newsletter “Crypto-Gram” and blog “Schneier on Security” are read by over 250,000 people. Schneier is a fellow at the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University, a fellow at the Belfer Center at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government, and a board member of the Electronic Frontier Foundation. He is also a special advisor to IBM Security and the Chief Technology Officer of Resilient.

Warren Slocum is a member of the San Mateo County Board of Supervisors from the 4th district. Prior to his election to the Board of Supervisors in 2012, Slocum  served as the Chief Elections Officer & Assessor-County Clerk-Recorder of San Mateo County.  As Chief Elections Officer, he introduced accessible voting equipment with language and adaptive features to ensure that ALL voters could participate in fair, private and secure elections. As Recorder, he oversaw the conversion of recorded paper documents to recorded electronic documents and the creation of a publicly searchable database which made it easy to research property information.  He is also one of San Mateo County’s representative on a number of Boards and Commissions including the Association of Bay Area Governments, the Domestic Violence Council, HOPE Interagency Council (Housing Our People Effectively), Redwood City 2020, the Workforce investment Board, and an alternate on the San Francisquito Creek JPA and LAFCO, the independent commission with jurisdiction over the boundaries of the 20 cities, 22 independent special districts and many of the 35 County-governed special districts serving San Mateo County.

board photoEugene H. Spafford is a professor of Computer Sciences at Purdue University. He is also a professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering (courtesy appointment), Philosophy (courtesy), a professor of Communication (courtesy), a professor of Political Science (courtesy), and is the founder and Executive Director of the Center for Education and Research in Information Assurance and Security. CERIAS is a campus-wide multi-disciplinary Center, with a broadly-focused mission to explore issues related to protecting information and information resources.

Spafford has been working in computing as a student, researcher, consultant and professor for over 30 years. Some of his work is at the foundation of current security practice, including intrusion detection, firewalls, and whitelisting. His most recent work has been in cyber security policy, forensics, and future threats. Professor Spafford is a Fellow of the AAAS, ACM, IEEE, (ISC)2, a Distinguished Fellow of the ISSA, and a member of the Cyber Security Hall of Fame — the only person to ever hold all these distinctions. In 2012 he was named as one of Purdue’s inaugural Morrill Professors — the university’s highest award for the combination of scholarship, teaching, and service. Among many other activities he is the immediate past-chair of the Public Policy Council of ACM (USACM), and is editor-in-chief of the journal Computers & Security.

Vanessa Teague, Ph.D. is a Research Fellow at the University of Melbourne, specializing in end-to-end verifiable cryptographic protocols for electronic elections. Her Ph.D. work with Prof. John Mitchell at Stanford University was on combining ideas from cryptography and game theory in order to understand distributed computations with selfish participants. Since then she has focused on verifiable and private cryptographic protocols for electronic voting, with a particular focus on protocols that work for Australia’s unusual and complicated voting system. She has also written several opinion pieces on electronic voting trials in Australia, all under the auspices of The Computing Research and Education Association of Australasia (CORE). These have mostly explained that software advertised as secure, private or verifiable was nothing of the kind.  She has been invited to testify at various election-related inquiries of Australia’s federal and state parliaments, at which she attempted to explain what did, and did not, constitute verifiable electronic voting. Her current project is helping to design an end-to-end verifiable attendance voting system, based on prêt à voter, for use in state elections in Victoria.

Michael Ubell, Software Architect, Berkeley Database Group, Oracle. Ubell began his career working on the original Ingres project at the University of California. He has served in engineering and management roles at Britton Lee, Digital Equipment Corporation, Illustra and Informix. He holds a BA in Mathematics and Computer Science from Hampshire College and a MA in Computer Science from the University of California at Berkeley.

voraPoorvi L. Vora, Ph.D, is Associate Professor of Computer Science at The George Washington University (GW). Her research focus has been on end-to-end independently verifiable (E2E) voting systems which enable voters and observers to audit election outcomes without requiring them to rely on the trustworthiness of election technology or unobserved election processes. Prof. Vora was a member of the team that deployed polling-­place, paper-­ballot-­based, E2E voting system Scantegrity II in the Takoma Park elections of 2009 and 2011, and of the team that developed remote voting E2E system Remotegrity and accessible voting variant Audiotegrity, used in 2011. She has worked with the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) on definitions of desired properties of E2E systems, and on information-­theoretic models and measures of voting system security properties. She has a Ph.D from North Carolina State University.

Nancy Wallace is a Maryland Voting Activist affiliated with the Campaign for Verifiable Voting in Maryland. Background: Experienced lobbyist and volunteer organizer. Wallace has worked for Computer Sciences Corporation (CSC), as supervisor of a team of three software testers handling 12 of the 13 national computer systems which support case adjudication by the US Citizenship and Immigration Service. She is also in charge of process compliance, or what the Program Manual terms quality control, for the software development and testing.

wallach_TBDan Wallach is a professor in the Department of Computer Science and a Rice Scholar at the Baker Institute for Public Policy at Rice University in Houston, Texas. His research considers a variety of different computer security topics, ranging from web browsers and servers through electronic voting technologies and smartphones.

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